Each appliance has its own area

Before assembling kitchen furniture and buying household appliances, think in advance about kitchen sink and mixer tap location as well as water purifying appliances. Correct planning of kitchen space will help you to avoid various kinds of inconveniences and unforeseen complications in the future.

The kitchen is divided into several areas:

  • water area
  • hot area

First area includes the territory of sink, washing machine and dishwasher location. You need to locate all those elements as closer to each other as possible and take care of their connection to the water mains and sewage. These kind of large household appliances quickly go out of order and drain hose gets easily clogged in case you install them away from the drain. Hose extension make the pump constantly work in alert state. It is better to decide upon sink area before the renovation of the kitchen or apartment, especially if you dislike the initial house planning.


Hot area includes the hob: kitchen range, baking oven, microwave oven and other appliances connected with thermal process. It is known that built-in kitchen appliances are more comfortable to use, but try not to build in the appliances not fit for it. For instance, according to specs microwave ovens are placed on the open space to let through the air from all sided. Remember, any appliance not fit for in-building loses its capacity and quickly breaks.


If you put microwave oven under the countertop, you will have to bend all the time and being installed in wall-mount kitchen cabinets it will bring you discomfort with its excessive height. If you need to reach up for the dish of heated soup, it might become dangerous.

Small kitchen appliances are easier to handle as a mixer, steamer, blender or bread maker machine can be put on the kitchen countertop. Permanent location and order depend on how often you use the appliance at cooking.

Main rules of appliances location at the kitchen

There are several important moments pertaining to distance between kitchen appliances. For example, it is a bad idea to place any appliance near the gas stove. Also according to fire safety measures, it should be placed further from the window to avoid curtain being blown over it by the wind. Gas stove should stand near the gas pipes with easy reach to the gas stop valve. Kitchen cabinet or fridge should stand in minimum 15 cm distance from the hob whereas sink should be installed further away, as there is a risk of burns while washing the dishes near boiling water in the pan. Kitchen range or hob are installed aside from the passage as you may accidentally touch a hot frying pan or a pan.


A cooker hood should be installed 70-75 cm above the electric hob and 75-80 cm above the gas hob. Correct location of the cooker hood makes operation of kitchen appliances much more efficient. Don’t install a kitchen range near the corner cabinet as you will not be able to open the baking oven. Remember that any element of kitchen equipment has its own ‘opening area’.

Fridge is installed far away from the heat-emitting appliances, such as oven, gas geyser and gas range. It should not closely adjoin the wall – leave 5-10 cm of optimal distance.

TV set is installed as far as possible from the kitchen range, sink, oven that is away from grease, heat and moisture as such an appliance may quickly go out of order.

To plug the kitchen appliances do not use extension cords because considerable capacity of kitchen appliances may lead to short-circuiting or fire outbreak. The majority of fires happen because of technical ignorance, negligence of safety rules and failure to comply with attached instructions. For instance, there was a case when electric teakettle burst with fire because of wine boiling in it despite the instruction of exploitation clearly stating that this was prohibited.

Gas stoves and in-built gas hobs nowadays can be connected by pretty looking flexible gas hoses in metal braiding, which can go in different lengths, types and prices. Such a construction consists of a white ring insulator located between metal braiding of hose and coupling nuts. You need to choose the variant providing electric insulation of gas pipe from metal braiding.