There has been much said about importance of the kitchen.

It is the heart of any house or apartment, its emotional centre. Kitchen interior design affects the mood of all the house dwellers.

However, the majority of people never give a thought to the colour solution of the kitchen space while buying kitchen furniture and putting it in place.

Nonetheless, the colour defines how cosy and comfortable the kitchen will be.

From Newton to Ostwald

Colour perception is indeed an individual peculiarity of every human being.

Some people like calm hues, others like bright combinations. However, one should take into account general rules of colour spectrum.

To look into these rules we must understand what the colour wheel is.

Definition of the colour spectrum was suggested by the British scientists Isaac Newton many years ago.

It was he who drew the circle with consecutive demonstration of the main colours of the sunray.

In several centuries another scientist, Wilhelm Ostwald offered a different scheme.

In Ostwald’s colour wheel some other colours appeared, such as turquoise, lemon and so on.

Ostwald’s colour wheel offered more complicated rules of colour combinations.

That is why it became the core of the majority of designer projects.

Ostwald’s colour wheel


As we have already mentioned colour is perceived by every human being in an individual way so the person’s assessment is subjective.

Of course, coloristic solution of the kitchen space depends not only on items’ colour but on their sizes and shapes as well.

However, since the colour wheel is the basic instrument of interior design, it helps to find the right colour range, create interesting and eye pleasing colour combinations.

One’s own designer

Every colour is beautiful and we have to admit that it is quite a complicated task to create correct and harmonic interior.

Nevertheless, not only the expert designers are able to cope with this task.

Having studied peculiarities and rules of colour combinations, nearly everyone can create a stylish interior in their own dwelling.

Colour is one of the main active agents in any room.

Like no other graphic component it has the power of affecting human’s psychics.

Colour gives dimension and vividness to the objects or makes them dull and imperceptible.

Colour, such as red, may rise agitation or may calm down like green colour.

Correctly combined colour creates cosiness and harmony, whereas wrong combination gives depressive effect.

However, it does not mean you need to call for expert designer each time you are going to purchase furniture, textile, floor covering or wallpapers.

The colour wheel is actually not at all complicated. All you need is to understand its rules and, of course, learn how to use them.

Learning the rules

The colour wheel in its essence consists of three colours: red, blue and yellow.

There are also complementary green, orange and purple. Each complementary colour is formed by mixing two primary colours.

If you turn the colour wheel fast the spectrum becomes white.

If you mix all the colours, you get either black or dirty brown colour.

  1. Analogous colours. Three consecutive colours in the wheel are called analogous. They seem to prolong the hue, which beneficially affects visual perception. That is why you may use this human vision feature while decorating the harmonious interior.
  2. Iridescence in the house. A person subconsciously thinks of the rainbow as of a wonderful natural phenomenon. Use of several rainbow colours and two-three analogous hues will allow creating feeling of joy and hope.
  3. Colour repetition. All the colours are repeated many times in nature, which is the essence of natural harmony. This rule should not be ignored in interior design. If you exploit some colour once, it should be repeated in some other item.

Single colour or contrast?

When creating interior colour range three main variants are used: monochrome, contrast and single colour.


The rule of a monochrome variant presupposes use of a single colour but in all the variety of its shades.

They may be darker or lighter.

It is easy to find the right combinations as the colour wheel is divided by sectors containing all the analogous hues of the primary colour.

Feeling of consistency and colour harmony is the advantage of the monochrome variant whereas some monotony is its disadvantage.

Hint. To avoid boring monotony give some bright spots to your kitchen. For example, use bright red curtains or vase against beige furniture of calm hues.

Monochrome variant with bright shades.


Single colour

Single colour solution presupposes combination of analogous colours.

Look at the colour wheel and choose the colour you like.

Its neighbours will act as necessary emphasizing points.

Those who love making extreme colour interiors often consider a single colour solution one of the most boring ones.

They are mistaken. For instance, if you add green and orange accents to the primary yellow the kitchen would look very stylishly.


Rules of creating contrast variant are the boldest and the most striking ones.

In this colour solution you may use any combination and take nearly all the colour wheel as the primary colour including ingenuously shaped items into the interior.

But that doesn’t mean you may choose colours chaotically.

To avoid mistakes you need to cut an equilateral triangle out of the paper and apply it over the colour wheel image.

Directions of angles will show you the right decision and help you to choose the most successful combinations.

Hint. If you choose contrast colour solution, the furniture should be darker than the walls but lighter than the floor.

Play of contrasts in the kitchen interior.

Choosing colour combinations online

There is no need to draw the colour wheel on the paper. There is special software helping choose online the right colour combinations for your kitchen design.


Such a program has option of choosing a monochrome and contrast designs.

You can compose complex colour range of four colours in various dark and light shades.

The program allows printing the colour solution you like not to make a mistake while buying finishing materials.

The main advice

When you are about to decide what colour solution to choose, discuss the issue with your family members since the kitchen is the place where all the family members gather. Each of the family member should be comfortable at the kitchen including small children whose opinion you should also know!