Lighting with particular function in a room is very important, especially in the bathroom. Here we take care of our body and face, do the washing, which means it is primarily important for the lighting to be practical, comfortable, safe and aesthetic. Besides, we all perceive the bathroom as a relaxation place, where we can get rid of fatigue and de-stress. Lighting plays very important part in it.

Unfortunately, average bathrooms are not very big and while solving issues related to it, not many people think of correct lighting. In this article we will not dwell on certain bathroom dimensions and will tell you about the main details in providing light in the bathroom.


You should define the priority at once in determining which light sources are primary and which are the secondary ones.

Ideally, amount of light should be just right to be close to sunlight (daylight) in spectrum, as we want to look at ourselves (skin colour, make up) in maximum natural lighting.

Bathroom lighting should be combined since we use this room for different needs. It means an additional lighting can be turned on or off as necessary. For instance, if one is putting on a makeup or shaving before some business-meeting, one needs a good lighting near the mirror. For these purposes, it is best to choose spotlights or wall luminaires.


However, if you need just to take your cosmetics, load washing into the washing machine or take a shower you can do with ceiling fitting lighting up the whole room. Speaking of upper floodlight, you can use multidirectional closed halogen lamps or one or two lamps with wide scattering angle. Light dimmer plays an important part as well since it allows using lighting with comfort.



It is extremely important while working on lighting scheme to keep safety in mind. All the light sources in the bathroom are to be placed in such a way as to exclude contact with water, it being a natural conductor. Luminaires must also be hermetic and without any damages.

  • It is prohibited to place wall luminaire right above the bathtub as at the contact of heated glass with water the lamp might even burst.
  • Exposed wire leading to a luminaire is not to be allowed. If you do all the wiring and lighting by yourself be sure to use only under-plaster installation.
  • It is unwise to use extension cords and triple adaptors in the bathroom. If it has sockets in it it is essential that they are located the further from washbasin, tub or shower the possible and were water-protected.
  • The whole electric network is to be by all means earth grounded.



Number of luminaires as well as their shape can vary and depend on size of the room, its ceiling, decoration and design. You might want to choose chandelier, wall luminaires, standard lamps and spotlights. You can also choose popular imitation of the starry sky made on suspended ceiling by inset light emitting diodes.

If you love taking a relaxing bath it is good to think of location of dimmed intimate light using one wan light source installed below tub level to avoid getting light into your eyes.


  • Work lighting

Work lighting is the one located near the washbasin as we spend more of our time taking care after our appearance. Elements of work lighting are wall luminaires, small standard lamps, directed spotlights and lightings.


It is best to choose lighted mirror for the bathroom since the upper light only might not be sufficient.

Please, pay attention to variants of lighting a la dressing rooms in theatre, in which mirrors are lighted from both sides to provide necessary brightness of light that does not let shadows fall on the face.


You can use diffused lighting on the perimeter so that mirror would be lighted evenly without sharp lighting change in one of the zones.


Neat wall luminaires adjusted above the mirror surface are quite convenient since emitted light is multiplied because of reflection.


The same approach of “reflection” of light in the mirror may be efficiently used by hanging pendant lamps on the both sides of the mirror.



  • Ceiling lighting

Ceiling lighting is provided due to luminaires installed or hung up directly to the ceiling. In small rooms one will do whereas in larger spacious bathroom it is wiser to install several sources of ceiling lighting. The more they are in number, the smaller their size and power is.

Apart from elegant chandeliers and lamps you can furnish your bathroom with spot quartz halogen lamps in case you have a suspended ceiling.

Beam of light from inset ceiling lamps is often directed straight downward, however, for more convenience better choose spotlights with regulated angle of bend.


For a spacious bathroom you can combine two kinds of ceiling lighting by using LED strip alongside ceiling cornice to create floating ceiling effect and a beautiful chandelier traditionally hung in the ceiling centre.


Aesthetics can be expressed by any detail, thus, ceiling lighting in the bathroom will emphasise its elegant simplicity is you use unusual designer luminaire.

  • Floor lighting

Floor lighting is installed to create special atmosphere in the bathroom. Such a lighting is a secondary one and very decorative. Extremely damage-proof and waterproof special luminaires are good for bathroom floor illumination, as a rule their external diameter does not exceed 5cm.

To create tranquil mood experts all over the world advise to use floor closed spotlights and semi-transparent luminaires.


One of the simplest and ingenious approaches to floor lighting is use of handmade spotlights, which can be made of usual shiny tins. All you need is to make small hole in them and put a candle inside. Moreover, such decorative luminaires are mobile and can be placed anywhere if you wish to play with light.


  • Bathtub lighting

Such an interesting variant of lighting, which makes a bathtub seem an independently lighted object, is worth a separate article. It can be achieved by use of directed light from a wall luminaire or a spotlight but nowadays manufacturers offer bathtub models with illumination installed in the bottom.

Such an example is quite expensive but you can always choose ones that are more democratic. For example, you may set candlesticks or spotlights near the bathtub leaving reliable lighting emphasis to a beautiful chandelier suspended right above the tub.


If the bathroom is decorated in light shades of ivory, beige, milk or cream the chandelier suspended above tub or the mirror flanked by several wall luminaires will do nicely. It is common knowledge that walls in the light room reflect light.